Modelo de facturación electrónica:
  • Post Audit
Formato de archivo obligatorio:
  • N/A
Requisitos de empresa a gobierno:
  • IS EFA
Requisitos de archivado:
  • Periodo de 10 años
Firma electrónica:
  • No es obligatoria

Resumen

Conocer todos los aspectos del cumplimiento fiscal global es complejo y requiere muchos recursos. Cada país tiene un conjunto estipulado de requisitos de facturación electrónica específicos y en constante evolución.

El incumplimiento, intencionado o no, puede dar lugar a importantes sanciones económicas, a la interrupción de la actividad empresarial y a daños en la reputación.

Actualizaciones

08.19.22

  • Información de la normativa
E-invoicing public test operation We recently communicated that the e-invoicing mandate was delayed in Slovakia. However, that has not prevented the Slovakian Tax Authorities from establishing a framework to ensure the proposed upcoming e-invoicing roll-out is smooth, efficient and automated, resulting in a more user-friendly and less cumbersome tax solution for taxpayers. To this effect, the Slovakian authorities have initiated a public testing phase for the proposed e-invoicing solution. Entities and individuals subject to the testing phase will work with an online application or integration through OpenAPI set up by the tax authority. It is hoped that the public interaction with the e-invoicing model and its systems will provide valuable insights and underline any necessary required enhancements before the roll-out of the mandate. It also serves to underscore the growing tendency across Europe to involve the general public as an integral part of e-invoicing development process.

07.07.22

  • Actualizaciones de los países
Draft bill to implement EU VAT legislation Slovakia is involved in a draft consultation for the implementation of EU legislation on the VAT Act, with reference to Draft Bill No. 309/2022. This is due to come into effect on 1st January 2023. This as a recurring trend across Europe, where countries adopt EU legislation into their own Directives. This adoption offers advantages- offering greater standardisation and consistency with the EU VAT principles and regulations and aligning policies with other EU countries which have enacted similar legislation into their own domestic laws. The public consultation covers the following:
  • Change the VAT registration threshold to EUR 49,790.
  • Regulate processes for VAT registration exemptions and cancellations
  • Exempt VAT for EU-purchased or imported goods and services if made accessible free of charge
  • Revise the VAT deduction requirement regulations for non-payment of VAT
  • VAT requirements for refund
  • Payment service providers’ recordkeeping duties for cross-border payments.
Feedback for the consultation is requested by 20 June 2022.

05.27.22

  • Información de la normativa
E-invoicing implementation plans delayed Slovakia has now delayed plans to implement e-invoicing in the country. The new revised timeframes are as follows:
  • June 2022: a test phase
  • January 2023: first phase for B2G, G2G and G2B transactions
The second phase is also expected to start in 2023 and will be extended to also include B2B and B2C transactions.

04.28.22

  • Información de la normativa
Mandatory ‘real-time’ e-invoicing expected in 2024 Many European countries are reviewing their plans for e-invoicing implementation and Slovakia is no exception. Despite e-invoicing expected to take hold in the country some way away yet- in 2024- the Ministry of Finance is setting out some clear timeframes to accomplish this. Some key dates are summarised below:
  • 2021: Ministry of Finance introduces a law regarding sending invoice structured data to the Financial Directorate; public consultation with stakeholders commences
  • 2022: Law expected to finalise
  • 2023: Law effective from this date
  • 1 January 2024: obligation to use e-invoicing expected
The passing of the year between the ‘effective date’ and the obligation to use e-invoicing indicates that the Slovakian tax authorities acknowledge the difficulties that can be expected in the transition from paper to e-invoicing. This time should allow Slovakian taxpayers to familiarise themselves with the technical specifications, e-invoicing process and finer detail relating to e-invoicing. Small businesses will get further assistance via a free online application ‘Virtual invoice’. This aims to reduce administrative burdens and offer a more simplified process to smaller businesses. This includes the ability to issue an invoice via a mobile phone and send this to the national e-invoice system.

01.04.22

  • Información de la normativa
Proposal for real-time reporting of invoice data from 2023

Real-time reporting of invoice data is gaining momentum in Slovakia. As with many countries, the underlying push for this appears to be related to the need to reduce tax fraud and improve the efficiency of tax collection, and to overhaul the current SAF-T system, which can incur time delays. With the proposed system, data would be required to be reported in real-time before the invoice is sent to the customer.

A draft Act is due to be submitted for feedback shortly relating to invoicing and reporting data. The new law would include an obligation to report structured invoice data to the Financial Administration (FA) on a real-time basis, drawing some parallels with countries such as Hungary adopting a similar approach. The proposed date for implementation is 2023.

Slovakia aims to capture most taxpayers within the proposed changes with only minor exceptions, irrespective of their VAT registration status.

Company accounting software or a free online application would assist in the reporting procedure. As a brief overview, the FA would verify this data and send a QR code to the supplier, which should be added to the invoice.

But it is not only suppliers who are affected. Customers would also be affected. Customers would need to send data from received invoices before VAT deduction. Any breaches of the law could be significant, resulting in fines up €10,000.

03.31.21

  • Actualizaciones de los países
Slovakia starts a consultation process for e-invoicing

The Ministry of Finance in Slovakia will soon start a consultation process regarding e-invoicing. As a result of this, the government aims to:

• Simplify the current VAT declaration system;
• Reduce fraud;
• Reduce the administrative burden for businesses.

Public law entities and solution providers in the IT sectors will be contacted during the consultations to draw up a draft legislative text with their input.

03.31.21

  • Información de la normativa
Public consultation e-Invoicing B2B

Slovakia’s e-invoicing initiative is currently in the process of consultations by the authorities of the Slovak Financial Directorate. Based on the authorities’ preliminary statements about e-invoicing, Slovakia is planning to introduce real-time invoice reporting (RTIR) which should be mandatory for all transactions over time. The aim of this initiative is to reduce administrative burdens on the side of tax subjects (e.g. to reduce obligatory VAT reporting) and to obtain real-time invoicing data on the side of tax authorities and use it for tax control purposes.
Mandatory e-invoicing will be introduced gradually. The first phase will (probably during 2021) cover G2G and B2G transactions. In a later stage, (the expectation is in 2022) for B2B and B2C transactions will come under the legislation.
As we have seen in other countries, applying mandatory e-invoicing into practice requires a significant amount of new regulation and legislation.

02.23.21

  • Información de la normativa
Eslovaquia anuncia un sistema de facturación electrónica e información en tiempo real

En un reciente comunicado de prensa, las autoridades fiscales eslovacas anunciaron que estaban trabajando en un nuevo proyecto de ley sobre el envío de datos a la Administración financiera. Puede consultar aquí el texto completo.

El objetivo del proyecto de ley es introducir la obligatoriedad de que todas las entidades comerciales emitan una factura por cada transacción comercial en un plazo determinado. Al mismo tiempo, también se prevé la autorización previa de facturas: será obligatorio enviar datos específicos de la factura a la Administración financiera antes de preparar la versión final de la factura y enviarla al comprador. Los contribuyentes pueden cumplir sus obligaciones de notificación de facturas de varias maneras: mediante proveedor de servicios de facturación electrónica; directamente desde su software de contabilidad/ERP utilizando un método de comunicación certificado o mediante un portal público gratuito. También se dispondrán obligaciones de información para el comprador.

Actualmente no hay más información ni detalles técnicos disponibles. Continuaremos supervisando el progreso de Eslovaquia e informaremos de ello en nuestras próximas noticias sobre el mundo de la facturación electrónica.

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